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Founded on July 2,1960, the Institute of Chemical Industry of forest products of the Chinese Academy of Forestry has gone through 55 years of glorious history. Over the past 50 years, with the cordial care and support of leaders at all levels, the staff and workers of Linhua Institute of several generations have seized the opportunity to unite and struggle and struggle tenaciously, from small to large in scale, and from weak to strong in research and development capabilities and conditions, it has developed into a state-level scientific research unit specializing in the chemical utilization of biomass with high influence, providing a number of high-level scientific research achievements for the state and forestry and related industries, and training a number of high-level scientific and technological talents, significant achievements have been made in scientific research, transformation of technological achievements and industrialization. Here, let us open a chapter of history and experience the hardships, frustrations and joys of growth and expansion created by foreignization; review the track of development, cherish our achievements and look forward to our responsibilities in the future, a new chapter in the history of forest conversion.
  • 1952年-1960年
  • 1960年-1966年
  • 1966年-1978年
  • 1978年-2000年
  • 21世纪以来
    Forestland's predecessor, 1952-1960

    The history of the Chemical Industry Research Institute of Forest Products can be traced back to the establishment of the Chemical Research Department of Forest Products of the former Forestry Research Institute of the Central Forestry Ministry in 1952. On December 22,1952, twelve ministerial meetings of the Ministry of Forestry approved the establishment of the Forestry Scientific Research Institute, or the Zhonglin Institute. On January 1,1953, four departments, namely, the Department of Afforestation, the Department of Timber Industry, the editorial committee and the Department of Forestry Chemistry, were formally established. In 1955, the Department of Forest Product Chemistry was changed into the research office of Forest Product Chemistry, and the Waste Material Utilization Group was added. In 1956, there were plant tanning group, plywood group, wood hydrolytic group and wood pyrolytic group. In November 1956, the Forest Industry Science Research Institute was separated from the Zhonglin institute, and the Forest Chemistry Research Office was affiliated to the Forest Industry Research Institute. On October 27,1958, the Chinese Academy of Forest Sciences was officially established, and the Institute of Forest Industry still set up a forest products chemistry laboratory. At that time, research work was carried out, including wood chemistry, wood hydrolysis, wood distillation, charcoal production, Lignin hydrolysis, Wood Tar, vegetable Tannin and plant hard rubber, etc. . In November 1959, the Ministry of Forestry submitted to the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China a proposal for the establishment of a forestry scientific research institution, confirming the establishment of an institute for the chemical industry of forest products in Nanjing, it was decided to expand the research department of Forest Products Chemistry, Institute of Forest Industry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, and Shanghai laboratory of Forest Products Chemistry, Ministry of Forest Industry, as appropriate. The Shanghai Forest Products Chemistry Laboratory of the Ministry of Forest Industry was established on October 19,1956, when the Ministry of Forest Industry, in addition to considering the development of forest chemical products for the market, the main purpose is to provide the important parameters of pilot plant and the performance test of new equipment. Up to 1959, there were 30 staffs in Shanghai Forest Chemical Laboratory, including 5 groups of Tannin extract, pyrolysis, hydrolysis, equipment design and administration.

    In April and June 1960, more than 100 scientists and technologists from Beijing Forestry Chemistry Laboratory and Shanghai Forestry Chemistry Laboratory moved to Nanjing to establish the Nanjing Forestry University。

    Planning and founding period 1960-1966
      林The preparatory work for the institute began in December 1959. At that time, with the strong support of the Nanjing Forestry University, now known as the Nanjing Forestry University, some of the laboratories, staff dormitories and office buildings were borrowed to gradually carry out scientific research. At the same time, we should actively carry out capital construction. After more than two years of efforts, from the selection of sites, the expropriation of construction land, the implementation of infrastructure projects, and the Organization of construction, to 1963,4,000 square meters of experimental buildings, from 01 to 04, four dormitories and two expanded laboratories and warehouses have been built and put into use. In the early years of its establishment in 1960, the institute had 107 employees. By June 1966, on the eve of the "cultural revolution, " it had grown to 212, of whom 155 were scientists and technicians. Thanks to the joint efforts of all the staff and workers of the institute, especially after 1962, the spirit of the central committee's 14-point scientific research work has been earnestly carried out, and the scientific research work has gradually been on the right track. The chemical composition, properties, analytical methods, chemical processing and equipment design of wood hydrolysis, wood pyrolysis, Rosin, Tannin extract and LAC were studied. After the accreditation of the Institute's Academic Committee, 32 scientific research results were obtained, including 12 before the establishment of the institute, of which 16 were published in the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China.
    The Cultural Revolution, 1966-1978
      During the unprecedented ten-year "Cultural Revolution" period, the Linhua Institute, like the whole country, was severely damaged, the scientific research work came to a standstill, and a large number of cadres and scientific and technological personnel were attacked and criticized. Since October 1969,107 employees have been sent to work in the Wuqi Cadre School of the Chinese Academy of Forestry in Guangxi. In December 1971, most of the employees were assigned to work in Guangdong, Guangxi and Heilongjiang. It was not until the second half of 1974 that some scientific research work was resumed and the number of employees in the institute was reduced to 139. Even under extremely difficult conditions, some scientific researchers still persist in their work and achieve certain results.
    Recovery and development period 1978-2000

    On March 18,1978, the National Science Conference held by the Party Central Committee in Beijing was like a warm spring breeze, inspiring the feelings of the young scientists and technicians of the Linhua institute to report to the country, and also stirring the hearts of the older scientists.

    At the scientific conference, all 9 achievements of the Forestry Research Institute were awarded, and in May 1978, the institute was reorganized under the leadership of the restored China Academy of Forestry Sciences. After the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, the Linhua Institute implemented a system of division of labor and responsibility among directors under the leadership of the Party Committee. After rectifying the situation, implementing the policies on cadres and intellectuals, a large number of cadres and scientific research personnel were sent back to their units, all aspects of the work of the institute are flourishing.

    In January 1980, the Ministry of Forestry approved the pilot unit for expanding the Autonomy of the institute, and in July 1984, the Ministry of Forestry approved the Institute as a pilot unit for scientific research reform. The director's responsibility system has been introduced, the autonomy of the institute has been extended and the organizational structure has been restructured. In accordance with the decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on several issues concerning the reform of the scientific research system, and taking the technology market as a breakthrough point, we have actively promoted the commercialization process of scientific and technological achievements, and the popularization and application of scientific and technological achievements and the paid transfer of technologies have developed relatively fast, good results have been achieved in producing results, talents and social and economic benefits. Economic income has been increa...

    Developments since the 21st century
      Since the beginning of the 21st century, with the deepening of the reform of national science and Technology System, the strong support of science and technology policy, and the accumulation of previous achievements and integration of technology, the forestry has gained new opportunities for development. In the past 10 years, the capacity of scientific research has improved significantly. The area of the expanded and newly built scientific research and auxiliary buildings has exceeded 30,000 square meters, and the area of the intermediate experiments, including the Nanjing Science and Technology Park of the Chinese Academy of Forestry, has reached over 220,000 square meters, scientific analysis of large-scale instruments and equipment more than 30 million yuan, R & D team has been growing, has formed a Master, doctor-oriented R & D Talent Team Structure; A number of new research and development platforms at the national and provincial levels, including the National Engineering Laboratory of Biomass Chemical Utilization, the processing laboratory of the national science center of Camellia Oleifera, the State Forestry Administration of the People's Republic of China, the State Forestry Administration of the People's Republic of China, the key laboratory of biomass energy and materials of Jiangsu Province and the research center of Biomass Energy and materials engineering technology of Jiangsu Province, have been approved for construction. It has formed a forest chemical research institute based on key laboratories, the State Forestry Technology Research Center of the Chemical Engineering and the pilot base of forestry and chemical industry of the Ministry of Forestry and the Nanjing Chemical Industry Park of the Chinese Academy of Forestry have a trinity pattern of scientific research, intermediate experiment and scientific and technological demonstration industry.

    Over the past 50 years, the institute has established a large number of renowned experts in forestry, including academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and the International Academy of Timber Sciences. So far has recruited and trained 67 doctors, 179 Masters, 16 post-doctoral Station, for the country to train or transfer a large number of forestry science and Technology Talents.

    Looking back on the course of 50 years, we have made joint efforts to forge a glorious history of Linhua. Looking ahead, we should be alert to dangers in times of peace, actively respond to new development opportunities and challenges, uphold the spirit of "virtue and diligence, erudition and innovation" , and follow the development strategy of "science and technology, innovation and talent" , we will strengthen our capacity for technological innovation, promote industrial technology upgrading, and provide support for industrial technological progress. To this end, in accordance with the national science and Technology Policy and the international development of the emerging biomass industry technology, the institute has focused on strengthening biomass energy, biomass chemicals and new biomass materials through the reorganization of resources and the adjustment of disciplinary research, research and development of natural bioactive components of biomass. The Scientific Outlook on Development will make full use of these resource conditions and technical platforms, persist in accelerating the pace of industrialization of scientific research results, and make greater contributions to China's forestry construction.

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